Malic acid and malates

Malic AcidMalic acid is an organic compound. This dicarboxylic acid is the active ingredient in many sour or tart foods. Malic acid is found mostly in unripe fruits.  The salts and esters of malic acid are known as malates. The malate anion is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle.

DL-malic acid
(acid flavoring; chelating agent-metal cleaning agent, plating, etc.; pH adjustor)
Sodium DL-malate
(seasoning; water activator; pH adjustor)
Adipic acid
(acid flavoring; pH adjustor plasticizer)